Representatives from Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT) Indonesia recently got an invitation to attend the Launching of Demographic Data and Information on Disaster Management in Indonesia. This event is result of cooperation between National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB), Statistics Indonesia (BPS), and supported by United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN OCHA).
The event was held on Wednesday, November 27th, 2013 at Borobudur hotel, Central Jakarta. The event was attended by entities related to demographic, humanitarian or disaster sector. It was started by opening speech from Jose Ferraris as UNFPA representative, continued by Rajan Gengaje from UN OCHA. They express that this event is a good opportunities for them as UN Agencies to help supporting data collection related to disaster preparedness in Indonesia. Government data completeness is potential to help preparedness in every sector on managing disaster, so that the final goal to save people’s live can be achieved. The next opening speech from Drs. Razali Ritonga, M.A as a representative from BPS. The event then officially launched by Fatchul Hadi as the Principal Secretary of BNPB. In his speech, he said that demographic data is an important part in contingency planning. Demographic and regional data are complementing each other. He hoped that the launching of demographic data owned by BNPB and BPS can be well utilized by all parties to support disaster management in Indonesia. The event continued by officially press the button to launch demographic data inside Indonesian Disaster Data and Information (DIBI) system.
This website is a combination between regional and demographic data owned by BPS with disaster data owned by BNPB. The demographic data consist of 2010 National Census and 2011 Village Potential (PODES) survey data. According to Rizal Ritonga, the accuracy of the demographic data is really good, where there are 96% similarity between census and PODES data. For those who want to have demographic data, they can just pick the area and what the demographic data type that they need and then download it through .xls format (Microsoft Excel).
The next session is presentation of Knowledge Attitude and Practice to Overcome Earthquake dan Tsunami Disaster Pilot Survey in Padang, West Sumatra. The presenter is Head of Data, Information and Public Relation BNPB, Sutopo Purwo Nugroho. This pilot survey aims to understand society knowledge, attitude and practice toward disaster, especially earthquake and tsunami, and also act as a disaster data baseline for 2014. Padang was selected because it was one of areas that is earthquake and tsunami prone. The survey methodology is through interview of peoples in 10 chosen villages to represent earthquake and tsunami prone villages in Padang. The conclusion of this pilot survey are:
- Respondent have high degree of knowledge on earthquake but lack of adequate facilities or tools for preparedness
- The role from local government needs to be improved by providing facilities and tools for preparedness and activates it
- This pilot survey can be used as a lesson and a reference for the next survey. It is expected that the next survey can be done in larger scale, such as provincial or national scale
The next presentation is Infographic from UN OCHA, presented by Mindaraga Rahardja. He said that this Infographic was developed as information media to give initial demographic overview in a region as a basis of emergency response and also as coordination tools in various sectors. This Infographic is combination of 2010 National Census and 2011 Village Potential on village and subdistrict level but displayed in provincial scale data.
The last session consist of presentation from several resource person:
- Medi Herlianto (Director of Preparedness BNPB) on Demographic Information and Data for Disaster Preparedness
According to him, Indonesia is disaster prone country so that demographic data is the most important factor on decision making to determine strategic operational policy in an effort to strengthen preparedness. This was done to achieve an effective and efficient disaster response and needs to be prepared as early as possible by developing regional (District/Province) preparedness profile.
- Lilik Kurniawan (Director of Disaster Risk Reduction BNPB) on Regional Capacity Assessment
According to Lilik, disaster index for every regional unit must be developed as good as possible and adjusted according to its condition and disaster.
- Deni Hidayati (Research Center – Indonesian Knowledge Institution (LIPI)) on society vulnerability and preparedness to anticipate Earthquake and Tsunami
Indonesian Disaster Data and Information website can be accessed on : http://dibi.bnpb.go.id