Building Disaster Resilience for Disabled Communities, HOT ID Collaborates with Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund (ASB)

Carrying the mission to enhance the capacities of disabled communities in disaster management and humanitarian response, HOT ID works with  Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund (ASB) to conduct a training “Standard and Mechanism for Inclusive Humanitarian Action and Field Mapping Using OpenStreetMap”. HOT ID serves its function as an organization that can facilitate spatial data using open source principles for humanitarian response and economic development. Mapping with OpenStreetMap can leverage the roles of disabled communities in charting hazard risks in their surrounding area. The event hosted 22 participants from 8 provinces, who previously had undergone contingency planning training with ASB.

The first training was held in April 11-12, 2017, delivered by Axel Smith and Ary Ananta from ASB. The training introduced Sphere Handbook as the standard minimum in humanitarian action, adopted by SNI. It also introduced ADCAP (Age and Disability Capacity), which is the standard used for the elderly and disabled communities in humanitarian action, as well as Kobo Toolbox as a tool to collect data and conduct surveys for humanitarian response. 

Training, Session I with ASB

The second training was conducted in April 13 – 15, 2017, led by HOT ID. The training covered field data collection methodology using OpenStreetMap. The first day training consisted of introduction to OSM, how to use OSM, OSM use cases for disabled communities, and the use of field survey tools in preparation for a survey conducted in the next day. Present in this training, Bapak Sarwa Pramana, Head of Activities BPBD Central Java Province to deliver an opening remark and to observe the training. Participants who are blind were trained with a screen reader installed in their laptop. Although not all OSM applications could be read by the screen reader yet, participants could still follow the training well. The first day ended by dividing the participants into smaller groups. Each group consisted of 6-7 participants. We also discussed the type of infrastructures to be collected the day after.


Day 1 OSM Training

The second day training was started with a field survey in an area often affected by flood in Bengawan Solo River, located in RT 01-03-04/RW 07, Dusun Ngemplak, Desa Gadingan, Sukoharjo. Flood in that area could often reach 1-2 meters. Collected infrastructures, including mosques, road networks, bridges, refugee camps, evacuation routes, disability camps, field, hospitals, village offices. Infrastructures in that area have not been mapped in OpenStreetMap. 

Ngemplak Village as the survey location

Participants departed in the morning for the survey location, 7.5 km from the training venue. We were briefed by the village head about the flood situation and overall safety guidance in that area. Participants were also briefed how to do data collection before starting the survey. The groups were divided as follows: Group 1 to survey RT1, Group 2 RT 3, and Group 3 RT 4. The tools used are GPS, OSM Tracker, and survey form. Blind participants use OSM Tracker by activating Talk Back feature on their smartphones and mark the buildings with voice recording. Although the access to this place is bumpy and difficult to explore by our participants with disabilities, our participants showed genuine enthusiasm following the survey.

Field Mapping Survey Activities

The training was continued by JOSM training session, covering how to operate JOSM. In this session, all laptop were able to install JOSM softwares, but apparently the screen readers do not function well in JOSM. Blind participants were assisted by caregivers to do mapping. Participants were requested to practice adding their houses and its neighborhood using JOSM. Participants with the most complete entries, were requested to present them in front of other participants. 

Feri, Deaf Community from Gerkatin West Sumatera gave explanation on his mapping outcomes using JOSM

We continued the third day of OSM training with presentation sessions, where participants presented the outcomes of their field survey, each group present and describe the place they map using maps as assisting tools. Participants collected 35 infrastructure data in three RTs in Dusun Ngemplak.

Group representation described their survey outcomes. 

The following table showed the survey outcomes from each group:

After the participants explained their survey outcomes,  we began uploading the data into OpenStreetMap. Participants were guided to export collected infrastructure data and GPS tracks into their laptop. OSM Tracker outcomes were varied, because participants inputted the data using voice record, photos, and notes. From the survey, it was apparent to us that most IDP camps are built around the river embankment which is also functioned as a road. Facilities, such as public toilets, kitchen, and rubber boats were still not available. Another IDP camps really designated for this purpose is in the Village Office (Balai Desa/Kantor Kelurahan Gadingan), located  750 meters from the flooded area.

Field Survey Results Reflected on OpenStreetMap

After all groups were able to input the data and information gathered from the field survey, we continued with a section that covered Tasking Manager. The area to digitize using Tasking Manager was also located in Gadingan Village and its adjacent areas. The third day was concluded by a demo “How to Extract OSM Data and the Use of InaSAFE”. In the last session, we played a video documentation and conducted a pre-test to refresh their knowledge from the training.

3 best participants with most outstanding score margin between pre and post tests, two of which were blind.