Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia and also the most densely populated city in Indonesia, which is home to more than 10 million people. It has a wide range and complexity of problems that plagued on it. One issue that has always plagued Jakarta is flood. In 2002, extensive flood in Jakarta reached about 13 percent of the area of Jakarta and have an impact to 381,266 people and 21 people died. While the floods in 2007 about 45 percent of the city area of Jakarta were flooded and there are 80 people died and caused loss of 5.16 trillion rupiah. The last flood that hit Jakarta occurred in January 2013 in which nearly 50% percent of the population affected by the floods in Jakarta and resulted in 83,930 people were displaced, 38 people died and the financial losses reach 20 trillion rupiah.
Based on the above conditions and circumstances, Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah (BPBD) Provinsi DKI Jakarta develop Jakarta Flood Contingency Planning. The Contingency Planning preparation activities took place from September to October. In developing this contingency plan, all stakeholders were invited by BPBD Jakarta to jointly commit to make contingency planning (Renkon). Some of those who attended and helped in the preparation of this Renkon are Pekerjaan Umum, Balai Besar Wilayah Sungai Cisadane Ciliwung (BBWSCC), Satuan Polisi Pamong Praja (Satpol PP), Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi dan Geofisika (BMKG), TNI Angkatan Darat, TNI Angkatan Laut, Dinas Pendidikan DKI Jakarta, Masyarakat Penaggulangan Bencana Indonesia (MPBI), UNICEF, etc.
Bssed on the situation above Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team Indonesia again supporting BPBD DKI Jakarta in drafting contingency plans for Jakarta flood 2014. Some of the activities carried out by the team in helping the preparation of the Contingency Plan are :
- Provide data and flood affected maps that can be used to support the preparation of Jakarta Flood Contingency Planning
- Provide simulation results of InaSAFE (especially affected building) based on flood data from Australia Indonesia Facility for Disaster Reduction (AIFDR) and BPBD DKI Jakarta
- Help UNICEF to provide education sector data in the preparation of DKI Jakarta Contingency Planning
The Drafting activities of Jakarta Flood Contingency Planning consists of several stages, these stage are:
- Refreshing is to remind the forum about what is contingency planning and make groups for each sector . On this activity the forum what is contingency planning and who actually should be involved in contigency planning and who are they. Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team had 1 session to present about our roles and contribution and what we could get from InaSAFE and OpenStreetMap to develop Flood Contigency Planning DKI Jakarta.
- Coordination Meeting for each sector (Rally Meeting). The next activity is rally meeting. In this activity, they asked to make coordination for every agency to collect all data that we need which is related with contingency planning, such as flooded roads, affected hospital and school. The result of rally meeting will be required for the next activity, that is the development of Standard Operation Procedure.
- Development of Standard Operation Procedure (SOP). After all the data has been collected by all sector, every sector has to make a SOP as a technical reference for implementation when the flood happen.
- Table Top Exercise (TTX). This is the final activity from the all series of Contingency Planning. This activity is a simulation with some scenarios that could be happen. From each scenario, there are some questions like what should each sector do if there are affected schools on flooded village. Participants have to answer those questions according to their sector. HOT provide maps and data which support this activity.
Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team also help BPBD to make Flood Contingency Planning Web GIS which can show affected buildings and which area at Jakarta affected by flood. To see the Web GIS you can visit http://www.openstreetmap.id/renkonbanjirdki